Ayurveda is translated as the science of life (‘ayu’, meaning ‘life’, and ‘veda’, meaning ‘knowledge.’). Ayurveda is a 5,000 year old medical healthcare system which is a sister science to yoga. It is believed to be the oldest medical system (older even than Traditional Chinese Medicine). It’s a holistic healing system that look at the a whole lifestyle, including herbal medicine, diet, daily routines, exercise, mind, philosophy and spirituality.
According to Ayurveda we have our own unique constitution which is a mix of 3 Doshas - Vata (Air + Space), Pitta (Fire + Water) and Kapha (Earth + Water). Each dosha has a unique blends of physical and psychological characteristics, we often have one dosha that is dominant. When your Doshas are balanced you can live to 100 years. Our unique ratio is called our PRAKRITI known as our natural state when everything is balanced. Once we know our unique constitution this guides us to a lifestyle that will allow you to live a healthy life.
We are born with our constitution and this doesn't not change, you may naturally be creative, think quickly, have tall thin body frame, tend to have dry skin and feel cold like Vata, but when we go out of balance you may experience bloating, eczema, lose appetite, have upset tummy or feel anxious. These are all signs that our body is out of balance, we’re not supporting our natural constitution.
The Three DOSHAS (Tridosha)
(AIR + SPACE)
Vata is the principle of movement, the air and space within the body and the subtle energy that governs biological movement. Vata governs breathing, blinking of the eyelids, movements in the muscles and tissues, pulsations in
the heart and all expansion and contraction. Vata also governs such sensations, feelings and emotions as nervousness, fear, anxiety, pain, tremors and spasms. The large intestine, pelvic, bones, skin, ears and thighs are the seats of vata. If the body develops an excess of vata, it will accumulate in these areas.
(FIRE + WATER)
Pitta is translated as fire, the bodily heat-energy, which manifests as metabolism is not visible like a naked flame. Pitta governs digestion, absorption, assimilation, nutrition, metabolism, body temperature, skin coloration, the
lustre of the eyes; and also intelligence and understanding. Psychologically, pitta arouses anger, hate and jealousy. The small intestine, stomach, sweat glands, blood, fat, eyes and
skin are the seats of pitta. Pitta is formed from the elements fire and water.
(EARTH + WATER)
Kapha cements the elements of the body, providing the material for physical structure. Kapha lubricates the joints, provides moisture to the skin, helps heal wounds, fills the spaces in the body, and gives biological strength vigour and stability. Kapha also support's memory retention, gives energy to the heart and lungs and maintains immunity. Kapha is present in the chest, throat, head, sinuses, nose, mouth, and stomach, also joints, cytoplasm, plasma, and liquid secretions of the body such as mucous. Psychologically, kapha is responsible for emotions of attachment, greed and long standing envy; it is also expressed in tendencies toward calmness, forgiveness and love. The chest is the seat of kapha.